Causes of Somatoform DisordersThe relationship between body and mind so far has not been fully understood. Until now, no one knows for sure why somatoform disorders can occur. There are opinions that say that this happens because there is a problem with nerve impulses that send signals of pain, stress, and other unpleasant sensations to the brain. Somatoform disorders tend to disappear arising from time to time and decrease in the family. This disorder is more common in people who abuse alcohol and drugs, also in those who have a tendency to think negatively, be sensitive to pain both physically and emotionally, have a history of sexual abuse or have been a victim of physical violence.
Types of Somatoform DisordersIf further specified, somatoform disorders can be divided into five types, namely:
This disorder generally occurs at the age of 18-30 years and lasts for years. Sufferers have many physical symptoms in various parts of the body, such as digestive disorders, abdominal pain, nausea, headaches, fatigue, sexual problems, to problems around menstruation. Somatization disorder is unknown what causes it. To be sure, this disorder can greatly affect or affect daily life and occurs more in women than men. People with this disorder often get referrals to various specialists and undergo many tests, because no physical abnormalities were found to explain the symptoms.
Hypochondriasis sufferers are always worried if they have a serious illness. They believe that their symptoms are signs of a very serious medical illness. For example, believe suffering from a brain tumor due to headaches, or suspicion of getting skin cancer when there is a small rash on his skin.
In conversion disorders, sufferers have symptoms that indicate a serious disease of the brain or nerves, but cannot be traced to their medical causes. Somatoform disorders this one tends to occur at the age of 18-30 years and can be repeated from time to time. Various symptoms of conversion disorders include numbness, hearing impaired or unable to hear, blindness, abnormal body movements such as tremors or unsteadiness when walking, or even paralyzed. These signs can get worse if you are stressed. The symptoms last for several weeks, but there are also those whose symptoms persist for a longer period of time.
Body dysmorphic disorder
If we spend a lot of time worrying about the appearance of the body, maybe we suffer from body dysmorphic disorders. Sufferers of somatoform disorder feel they have a physical disability, when in fact it does not. For example, sufferers feel they have a strange ear shape, even though the shape of the ear is normal. Or it does have a small disability, but tends to exaggerate fears of the defect.
Pain disorder is a condition where we feel persistent pain that has nothing to do with physical illness. The main symptom of this somatoform disorder is pain. Psychological factors contribute to the attack, the severity and duration of the disease.