Recognize the cause of ataxiaAtaxia can be caused by several factors, for example due to damage to the cerebellum or cerebellum, can also occur due to genetic disorders that cause interference with the development of the cerebellum or spinal cord while in the womb. Other causes of ataxia include brain tumors, strokes, multiple sclerosis, injuries and bleeding for example in the spinal cord (spinal cord injury). Malnutrition or malnutrition also has the possibility of causing ataxia, for example due to lack of vitamin B12. Ataxia can also be caused by poisoning chemicals from the environment, including excessive alcohol consumption and drug abuse.
Types and symptoms of ataxiaBased on the affected area, ataxia is divided into three types, namely cerebellar ataxia (brain), vestibular ataxia (ear), and sensory ataxia (nervous system). Therefore, the symptoms of ataxia that arise also vary, depending on which part of the disorder. Symptoms that can occur include:
- Feeling tired easily, difficulty in swallowing and often choking when drinking.
- Difficulty speaking, words spoken are not clear, and the tempo of the speech becomes slow.
- Difficulty walking or stumbling, often tripping and falling.
- Difficulty moving your hands to perform daily activities, such as eating or writing.
- Disorders control eye movements or nystagmus, so vision seems blurry and difficult to read or see.
How to treat ataxiaThere is no specific treatment for treating ataxia. Treatment of ataxia is determined by the type of ataxia that is experienced and the underlying disease. Before that the doctor will conduct an examination which includes collecting history data of complaints, physical examination, then if necessary a scan of the brain through a CT scan or MRI. Treatment that can be given to treat ataxia, generally includes:
This method aims to restore the body's ability to move or retrieve and move objects to perform daily activities independently.
This therapy is done if ataxia causes difficulty in talking, swallowing, and other things that interfere with mouth function.
This therapy aims to help sufferers to live independently and improve quality of life even in unhealthy conditions.
The purpose of drug administration is to overcome disorders of the muscles, eyes, nerves, and other parts affected by ataxia.